LU doctoral graduate receives 'Outstanding Dissertation' award

更多的 than a year in the making, the dissertation of beplay全站app下载 alumnus Dr. 基思·里夫斯。”基于标准的标准化考试成绩报告卡模型的预测:分类混合方法研究,被选为冠军 美国教育研究协会 2022 Division H’s Outstanding Publications Competition in Category 5: Outstanding Dissertation. 他很快将在H部门早餐业务会议和颁奖典礼上被授予一块牌匾. 尽管他很忙, 里夫斯谈论了他的生活, work and the outstanding achievement brought about by his research and writing.里夫斯

能告诉我你的背景吗?
我在纽约锡拉丘兹东部长大,母亲是护士,父亲是消防员. We’ve got deep roots in New York, dating back to the early 17th century. beplay体育手机版app的人, 86年,我和我的两个兄弟搬到了郊区, 我就读于北锡拉丘兹中央学校, 我在音乐上变得非常活跃. 从我13岁开始, 我知道我想成为一名教师, as my grandmother and her mother before her had been in Central New York. 我去了伊萨卡,成为了一名乐队指挥, 在2000年代中期, 和我当时的搭档搬到了弗吉尼亚, beplay体育手机版app都是音乐老师.
最终, 我从事教师领导工作, 包括教育技术, 因为我在教育方面的经验越多, the more I recognized systemic and institutional problems with not just the schools I had taught in, 而是beplay体育手机版app社会的整个教育理念. I’d had a pretty solid liberal arts education thanks to my undergraduate time at Ithaca, 但即使是那段经历也让我明白,在beplay体育手机版app如何服务学生、满足他们的需求方面,还有一些问题需要我去探索, 即使他们可能在发育过程中没有意识到这些需求.
在我的家庭, “聪明”从来不是一件坏事, and “smart” didn’t just mean an abstract sense of general trivia. beplay体育手机版app重视教育. 我的祖母在20世纪30年代就读于布罗克波特师范学院,并为学习奠定了终身追求的基调. My mother got the first master’s degree in the immediate family, 我记得我为她感到骄傲. She wasn’t just good at her job; she wanted to be better, 要多做,多了解,多学习, 在医疗保健, 这是一种宝贵的态度.
我觉得我这方面很像我妈妈, 我参加了几个研究生课程, 磨练我的工艺, 令我非常惊讶的是, my focus became less about the music content to which I thought I’d be dedicating my life, 而是孩子们自己. 心理学, 社会学, 发展, 教育学, 政策, 分析, 评估 — all these things became more and more a part of the way I think, the way I perceive the world around me; the injustices we perpetrate against kids are everywhere as that awareness unveils one’s eyes.  
我很久以前就知道我想攻读博士学位, 但直到一切都“成功了”——包括从08年房地产崩盘中恢复后的财务状况,当时我还是一名教师(男孩), 对beplay体育手机版app很多人来说,那是一段艰难的时期,再次突显了社会和结构性暴力以及针对儿童的不平等, 工人和普通人),我决定申请. beplay全站app下载 was the clear winner in my various acceptances. beplay全站app下载 was a Carnegie Level One research university, had a strong background in 教师领导与教师教育, 有全国性的资源, had competitive scholarships for the 程序 and offered me everything I wanted.

你的论文写了多久了? 

我知道我想研究什么. My school, Discovery Elementary School, is a revolutionary zero-energy school. (You can learn more about here; it’s really amazing!)beplay体育手机版app最珍视的一种以研究为基础的实践是基于标准的评估, 在那里的六年里,我一直是beplay体育手机版app学校文化的核心人物. I was doing the reading and review throughout the 程序, as beplay全站app下载 scaffolds its Ed.D. 程序 很好. As we were instructed on how to craft elements of a traditional five-chapter dissertation, 我一直想做的事, 我想和任何博士一起工作.D. 因为和我母亲一样,我知道我必须向自己证明! 我能够真正地钻研工作. 
I began my dissertation in earnest when we started Dissertation I, so I wrote mine in about a year. (我也很惊讶!但我必须说, 我能够快速、高效、高质量地完成工作的主要原因之一就是Ed.D. 教师,尤其是我心爱的椅子. J. 文斯不行!. 他是个十足的男子汉! 他的指导是无价的, 他的智慧只被他深深的同情心、人文主义和深思熟虑所掩盖. 他理解我,并努力满足我的需求,这也反映了我一直想为我的学生做的事情.

What was the most interesting thing you discovered in your research? 任何让你惊讶的事?
我很震惊,我是当代以标准为基础的运动中第一个真正提出如何安排以标准为基础的评分模型的人. There was no robust codification or classification allowing meaningful 分析 between models. 没有一个. 那么,30年的研究是如何进行的——一些大公司在这个过程中赚了很多钱——而从来没有人把这些想法付诸实践? 
我记得几年前在阿纳海姆的一次会议上, I was in a panel discussion with some other leading schools on standards-based 评估, 我称之为“体操”的一种数学模型正在被讨论中——这是一种极其复杂的计算,旨在从其他能更好反映学生技能掌握程度的分数中创造出一个公平的分数. 然而, 当我首先质疑简化数值作为准确评估手段的合法性时, 就好像我在说方言. 那些对这个提出了这个公式的著名主讲人深信不疑的人,无法用他们的头脑去挑战评分正统理论中最核心的原则.
幸运的是, 我没有这样的内疚(LOL), so I really enjoyed prying the lid off the machinery of not only traditional grading, but even the most progressive and radical standards-based models and figuring out how they work. 我现在真的很兴奋,基于标准的李维斯分类法报告卡可以作为一个研究工具为其他人, and maybe we can really start asking the hardest and most uncomfortable questions. 我觉得这样做在道德上是必须的, 以免beplay体育手机版app继续失去帮助孩子的机会,最好的情况下,或者继续直接伤害beplay体育手机版app关心的人.

What were some of the challenges you faced in researching and writing?
Hands down, my difficulty was obtaining meaningful student data from multiple models. I’m still not satisfied and feel I must do follow-up studies and encourage others to do so as well. beplay体育手机版app必须测试更多在全国范围内实际使用的模型,以找出哪些是有效的,哪些是无效的. 当然, 大流行是造成这种困难的主要原因, 所以我不会责怪弗吉尼亚的学校系统. 他们中的许多人在我的人口抽样过程中回信,并表示,由于缺乏资源和人员,他们在大流行期间不接受任何外部研究. 我能理解. 大流行的, 正如我在我的作品中所引用的, 对K-12教育的研究产生了寒蝉效应, 我希望各学区将他们的指挥链对准外部研究,以便迅速打开大门,帮助有抱负的beplay全站app下载满怀热情. beplay体育手机版app作为beplay全站app下载的工作可以而且应该对领导和政策产生直接的影响,如果beplay体育手机版app花时间为改进实践提出适当的呼吁, 但没有数据, 这只是一个雄心勃勃的想法,而不是一个有影响力的工艺.
我承认, 我真的爱上了论文的过程, 我可以很容易地看到,不仅仅是写过程本身, 但是做更多这样的研究. It was some of the most challenging but rewarding thinking I’ve ever done, and I’m really grateful to have the outcome of that work recognized as an apotheosis.

How does your dissertation contribute to the overall conversation in your field?
通过我杰出的前辈们一个世纪的工作,beplay体育手机版app早就知道,传统的评分和标准化测试是衡量技能掌握程度的无效手段,从本质上来说是带有偏见和不公平的. We’ve also known for about 30 years that standards-based grading is a vastly superior model. What we haven’t understood before (and something we need to immediately, intensively investigate) is what forms of standards-based grading are best. 迄今为止, beplay体育手机版app没有强健的, research-based classification system that facilitates that very 分析, 现在里夫斯分类法提供了这个框架. 得益于前面的定性步骤,我所进行的定量分析为beplay体育手机版app提供了第一个有意义的见解,即哪种表现水平描述符的排列对学生来说是最好的. 我认为我的论文综合了许多领域, 我希望它能像赫尔墨斯·特里斯梅吉斯塔斯(Hermes Trismegistus)在罗马古代道路交汇处的路标一样,为心理学家们指明方向, 社会学, 政策, 政府, 教育学, 老师准备, 评估, 战略规划, equity and more — all to join together to propose better solutions for our nation’s schools. If I can help facilitate a renewed scholarship confluence on the subject of grading, 我会很高兴的.

When did you hear that news that your writing had been chosen for Outstanding Dissertation? 你的反应是什么?
2月的晚上AERA给我发了邮件. 15, 我记得很清楚:我在出勤, 我的手机响了, 标题栏上写着, “Congratulations AERA 2022 …” and my heart jumped into my throat, 我大声说, “哦,我的上帝!三次,我打开邮件,它就在那里. Dr. 拉蒂默和我的委员会,包括. 拒绝,博士. 布朗博士. 基尼, had all suggested that my work was worthy of accolade and encouraged me to submit the dissertation. 我从来都不是一个“目标低”的人,(哈哈), so I had long hoped to write something worthy of the recognition, but to actually achieve it was really a huge culmination of what I’d set out to do. 我想, 正如我最近被提醒的那样, “为时代写点东西。,当我大声读了那封邮件后,我明白了, 我说, “我做到了. 我真的做到了.“我有点高兴得哭了,真的(LOL). 我是一个很软心肠的人, so I cry at moving scenes in movies or beautiful works of art and music, 这感觉很相似. 我真的工作, 这个项目真的很难, and those close to me saw what a grueling slog it was 有时, 特别是在编辑. 毕业后, 我想我可以直接写更多, but I have found myself sleeping a lot more as I recover (LOL)! 这个奖是激励人心的, and I think it helps remind me that I can set impostor syndrome aside, and can — and really need to — continue to contribute to the field. 
I left being a music teacher because I thought I could help more kids through leadership. 我得兑现我的承诺, 如果我有潜力, 如果拉马尔和AERA同意的话, 我应该相信他们.

这个奖项对你来说意味着什么?
能够得到教育学术领域最顶尖人士的认可,是一种真正的喜悦. A friend of mine says my self-deprecation is my least attractive quality; I’ve always struggled with having an intellectual understanding that I have something of value to say, but an emotional understanding that I am valueless and don’t deserve to say it. 我想在beplay全站app下载获得博士学位,我的论文被认为是有价值的, critical work by those most qualified to judge it as such to be one and the same process. 我欠拉马尔的, 对自己, 敬那些真正教过我的老师, 最重要的是, to my students to write something remarkable in the literal sense. I’m moved, to be sure, and humbled, but I’m also, almost surprisingly, overjoyed. I feel really good about having shown that I can run with the big foxes. 我觉得自己得到了认可和欣赏, and those have not always been significantly-present feelings in my life. 我深深感激.

Anything else you’d like to add or anyone you’d like to recognize?
我在论文中写了我的致谢, 所以我认为这是我对感谢的终极见证. 我希望有机会继续从事这种工作, 也有机会在学校管理中做更多的事情来帮助beplay体育手机版app在工作中花更多的时间去爱beplay体育手机版app的孩子. I think those are the people who deserve the most recognition: our kids. beplay体育手机版app在教育研究方面所做的工作可能, 有时, 是理论, 但它总是有最终的影响. 我希望,作为beplay全站app下载和领导者,beplay体育手机版app将带来一种新的服务意识,beplay体育手机版app为什么要做beplay体育手机版app所做的事情,并帮助让学校为学生更好. It is our raison d’être; it is certainly mine.

欲了解更多关于博士的信息. 基思·里夫斯,请访问 www.kdreeves.com. For more information about beplay全站app下载’s Doctorate Degree in Education Leadership, visit www.拉马尔.edu/education/educational-leadership.